10 Interesting Facts About Argentina
“Latins are tenderly enthusiastic. In Brazil they throw flowers at you. In Argentina they throw themselves!”
Marlene Dietrich was definitely on point.
The Argentinians are an extremely passionate hot blooded bunch with their own unique style of Spanish, spoken with a strong Italian-like charisma. They will instantly embrace you into their lives and in return you will no doubt quickly fall in love with them.
We sure did and after spending 2 months with them, here’s our 10 interesting facts about Argentina.
#1 QUEER TANGO
Nothing evokes the passionate spirit of the Argentinians better than this very famous sensual and seductive dance. Tango is probably the first thing that comes to mind when you think about Argentina.
At its inception in the 1880s, it was danced between 2 men, but very quickly the concept of same sex tango dancing got lost…. Until 2002 when it became fashionable again with queer tango schools popping up across the country.
This speaks volumes in a country with such strong influence from the Catholic Church. It also shows how incredibly gay friendly it is – Argentina was the first country in Latin America to legalise gay marriage in July 2010 (and the 10th in the world), which included full adoption rights. In addition, the right to change legal gender has been in place since 2012 and anti discrimination laws are in full force in Rosario and Buenos Aires.
We took a queer tango class in Buenos Aires which was one of our favourite memories from our travels in Argentina. It is not only a romantic way to express the passion and fire with your (same sex) partner, but a true representation of the Argentinian spirit, which is why we love them!
#2 FOOTBALL RELIGION MANIA
This has nothing to do with the Catholic Church or with the fact that the current Pope is from Buenos Aires. Even stronger than Catholicism is the Argentinians’ love for football. Nothing quite ignites the Argentinian passion, or so dramatically unites the country than a big soccer match – particularly with big rivals Brazil.
The king of all is of course Diego Maradona. Forget the Pope – over here, Maradona IS God. There’s even a Church and a religion set up in his honour. The Iglesia Maradoniana was founded in 1998 by his fans in Rosario and now have over 80,000 members spread across 55 countries. To them, he is their D10S (Dios in Spanish means God and Maradona’s shirt was #10).
They also have their own 10 Commandments, which includes naming your first son Diego and making Diego your middle name!
#3 DON’T CRY FOR ME MADONNA
If you think football gets the Argentinians fired up, wait till you get them onto the subject of their political figures. They are either extremely loved, or hated, with immense passion!
The most well known is of course the one famously depicted by Madonna – Evita Perón. Depending on who you ask (rich/poor, feminist, gay, right/left wing), the subject of political figures like Evita are sure to ignite quite an enthusiastic response of some sort.
Despite what your sentiments may be to Evita, she nonetheless remains a prominent part of Argentinian culture. To mark the 60th anniversary of her death, in 2012, ex President Kirchner unveiled the new 100 pesos banknote, which featured her. Evita thus became the country’s first woman to appear on its banknotes.
#4 MATE MANIA
Just when you’ve riled up the passions of the Argentinians over football or Eva Perón, in comes the mate.
Mate (pronounced MAHteh) is serious business here. It is deeply ingrained in the culture, the focal point in social gatherings, handed around for everyone to share.
Mate is a black herbal tea made from the yerba mate herb, grown in the Northeast provinces of Misiones and Corrientes. The herb is placed in a gourd (the mate pot), hot water added, then served from a metal straw called a bombilla.
Preparing the perfect mate is a work of art, one which only a true Argentinian will know. Watch and let us know if you think Sebastien was able to come close to conquering this skill:
#5 EL PATO: THE OFFICIAL NATIONAL SPORT
Hold up…WTF?! This is Argentina we’re talking about, land of Diego Maradona, Lionel Messi, Sergio Agüero etc, surely the national sport is football!?
Think again. In 1953, President Juan Perón (Evita’s hubbie) decreed El Pato to be the national sport.
Pato has been played in Argentina since the 1600s. It is traditionally a game played by gauchos on horseback, which combines elements of polo and basketball. However, instead of a ball, a basket is used, which historically contained a live duck inside, hence the name. Today a ball is used in place of the duck, but the same rules apply.
Bizarre? The Argentinian parliament thought so in 2010 and tried to introduce a bill to elevate football to national sport status and reduce pato to a traditional sport. Defenders of pato argued that despite soccer’s popularity in the country, pato is 100% Argentinian whereas football is a sport imported from England!
#6 FOR THE LOVE OF MEAT!
Argentinians are passionate about their meat and their steak is world famous. This is largely due to the abundance of cows. According to the Cattle Network, Argentina is 1 of 5 countries in the world (along with Uruguay, Brazil, New Zealand and Australia), which has more cows than people.
The place to enjoy a beautifully prepared steak is at one of the many steakhouses, called parillas (pronounced parisha in the Argentinian dialect).
The parilla is the name of the large iron grill in which the meat is barbecued and an asado is the name given to the gathering with a group of family/friends for a large barbecue with plenty of meat, wine and laughter.
#7 GAUCHOS: the Argentinian cowboys
Those gaucho boys have a lot to answer for.
As well as popularising pato, the gauchos were historically the free men of Argentina (and Uruguay) in the 1700s and 1800s, who rode horses and would catch all those many wandering cows. They would take their find to the pulperias (taverns) and trade the cows for leather, alcohol, tobacco, salt and of course, mate.
Eventually the method of herding cows was controlled, so gauchos had to instead work at an estancia (cattle ranch) instead of roaming independently.
Today those poncho-clad gauchos are an iconic and emblematic part of Argentina. They have been greatly admired in folklore, legends and romanticised by, er, people like us!
#8 UNIQUE WAY OF SPEAKING
Argentinian Spanish has a unique pronunciation with a strong Italian influence (think strong hand gestures).
The most distinct thing you will notice, particularly in Buenos Aires, is the change of the ll (lye) to a sh sound. So for example, the word for street, calle will instead be pronounced cashe, or if you’re asking someone’s name, you would say “como se shama” (instead of llama).
Another very unique aspect of Argentinian Spanish is using the word Che to ask how someone is or more literally “what’s up?” The famous Argentinian revolutionary, Ernesto Guevara was nicknamed Che because of his frequent use of this expression.
#9 SIFÓN SPARKLING WATER…bad wine?
The words “bad wine” and “Argentina” just don’t belong in the same sentence. Argentinian wine is world famous. The country is the world’s 5th largest producer, with Argentinian Malbec one of the most famous. It’s so important to the country that in 2010, the government declared it the nation’s national liquor.
But historically it wasn’t like that at all. Until methods improved in the 1990s, wine producers were more concerned about quantity over quality, rendering most of the wine produced as unexportable. It was so bad that sparkling water in a siphon was commonly served alongside the wine to mix it and mask the flavour.
Obviously this is no longer the case today. Bad wine just doesn’t exist in Argentina! However, the culture of mixing soda water with wine prevails, so a siphon will usually be present at your table when dining out.
#10 MEDIALUNAS FOR MERIENDA
Our final fond memory and interesting fact about Argentina is how late evening meals are. Dinner doesn’t get going until well after 10pm and goes on till the early hours of the next day.
Lunch is around 2pm, so what the heck do people do between lunch time and midnight when stomachs get emptied? Merienda of course! At around 6pm, the Argentinians have merienda, similar to the British tea time.
One of the most common snacks for merienda are medialunas (meaning half moon). These are savoury or sweet moon shaped pastries, similar to French croissants and unique to Argentina.
Medialunas are of course not just for merienda time. Any time of the day can be medialuna time, particularly breakfast time. To find out more, read our 10 favourite foods of Argentina.
For more inspiration:
- check out our gay guides for Rosario and Córdoba
- see what it’s like growing up as gay in Buenos Aires with our interview with local boy Juan
- read about our romantic road trip through Corrientes and Misiones
- try out our recipe for Argentinian steak